Where does our musicality come from?
There are some human beings, myself included, who would argue that they could not live without music. It doesn’t matter whether you enjoy singing in a choir (like I did for many years), whistle or hum a tune to yourself or just listen to some good music: music is part of our lives. And it is important to highlight and make major events like inaugurations, celebrations, preparation for battle, funeral ceremonies, birthday parties, etc. more memorable. But what exactly is music and, in addition to humans, aren’t there musical animals as well, howling, warbling, singing, chirping, crooning their melodies into the world? —>
Or is it male persuasiveness?
The famous dispute as to whether the chicken or the egg came first goes back to antiquity when Seneca and Firmus first brought this up and couldn’t decide who was right. There is a similar problem with mate selection, namely whether females choose their partners (I’m not necessarily thinking of humans) because of innate preferences, i.e., something they want to see or find in a male, or whether it is because some males can be so persuasive and make females choose them even if they do not fit the females’ image of a dream partner.
But was the philosopher right?
There was a time when behavioural scientists educated or based in Europe and America could get into heated arguments over the question of the biological nature and origin of aggression in humans (and animals as well). Was aggression learned or was it innate? It can be shown that mice as well as dog puppies will become fighters when the keeper allows them to always win in an encounter. Losses dampen their aggression and diminish their confidence that they would win a battle. Daily stroking, patting and cuddling was shown to have a similar effect on aggression in these (and by inference) other species. Finally, lifting aggressive puppies frequently off the ground also makes them become more docile (or perhaps timid?).